Most of us have suffered that while brushing our teeth our gums start bleeding, or while eating have that blood taste in our mouth. Primary reason for bleeding gums is plaque accumulation between gums and tooth; this may cause a periodontal disease known as gingivitis which is the gums inflammation and bleeding as consequence.
Gingivitis is a form of periodontal disease that only affects the gums, gums have a pink color and are solid, but when they easily bleed, take a darker color and/or swollen is necessary to consult with a specialist.
Despite gingivitis isn’t a severe illness, it is very important to treat this pathology in an effectively and timely manner since suffering this illness lengthily the patients increase the risk that gingivitis turns in periodontitis. Periodontitis affect gums as gingivitis but additionally affects alveolar bone that is the one that support teeth and the rest of periodontal tissues.
Some people avoid brushing when they start bleeding, but that’s not what experts recommend, on the contrary, the best way of eliminate plaque is a good oral hygiene, daily brushing and flossing and regular visits to the dentist.
Primary cause of dental bleeding is bad oral hygiene nevertheless there are other factors that increase probabilities of suffering gum problems:
- Smoking and drinking alcohol
- Age, older age means higher risk of suffering gum problems
- Weak immunologic system, due some treatments or illness like HIV
- Lack of nutrients, when patient doesn’t have a balance diet
- Hormonal changes, during menstruation or pregnancy
- Anticoagulant medication or lack of vitamin K
Nevertheless gums bleeding can also indicate the suffering of illness such as leukemia.